《时间名词前介词语法专项作业纸》英文练习册Word 百度云网盘下载

时间名词前介词的用法

一、用in的场合

  • (1)表示“在某年/月/季节”这个含义时,须用介词in。例如:in 1980.
  • (2)表示“从现在起一段时间以后”时,须用介词in。例如:They will go to see you in a week.
  • (3)表示“在某世纪”时,须用介词in. 例如:This machine was invented in the eighteenth century.
  • (4)表示” 在早上、下午、晚上“须用介词in. 例如: in the morning / evening / afternoon

二、用on的场合

  • (1)表示“在具体的某一天”或“(在具体的某一天的)早上、中午、晚上”等,须用介词on。
  • 例如:on May 10th,1982,on a rainy morning, on a summer afternoon.
  • 练习:
  • This festival is a cheerful occasion, for ____this day, the dead are said to return to their homes and they are welcomed by the living
  • 这是个欢乐的日子,据说这一天,死者回家而活着的人欢迎他们
  • Mother’s Day is ______the second Sunday of May.It’s a day to thank mothers. On that
  • day mothers usually get flowers and cards from their children.
  • (2)表示“在星期几”或“在星期几的早上、中午、晚上”等,须用介词on。
  • 例如:on Saturday , on Saturday morning, on weekdays在平时/周日
  • (3)表示“在某一节日”时,须用介词on。
  • 例如:on Mid-autumn Festival, on Teachers’ Day.
  • 注意:当morning,evening,afternoon被of短语修饰,习惯上用in,而不用on.例如:
  • in the early morning of September 10th 在9月10的清晨;in the late afternoon of September 12th 在9月12日的傍晚。

三、用at的场合

  • (1)表示“某一具体时刻(即几点几分时)”,须用介词at。例如:at six
  • (2)用在特定的时候(时节、时机)时,须用介词at。例如:
  •    They were happy at that time.他们那时很幸福。
  • (3)表示“在中午、在夜晚、在午夜、在周末(也可用on)”时,须用介词at。
  • 例如:at midnight, at/on weekends
  • What do you often do at noon? 你中午经常做些什么?
  • You can see many stars in the sky at night. 夜晚你能看到天空中有许多星星。
  • (4)表示“在……岁”时,须用介词at。例如:
  • At the age of nine ,the boy could swim well. 在九岁的时候,这孩子就游泳游得很好了。

四、用by的场合

  • by+时间名词。意为:“到…时(已发生某事),此时谓语多用完成时;最晚、不迟于…,在…之前”。如:by now/then/this time/next Friday/the end of/three o`clock等。
  • By the end of last year,another new gymnasium had been completed.
  • 到去年年底,又有一座新体育馆峻工了。
  • The train leaves at 6:00 pm.So I have to be at the station by 5:40 pm at the latest.
  • 火车下午六点开,所以最晚我得五点四十赶到车站。
  • 1.在 today, tomorrow, yesterday, the day before yesterday, 等表示时间概念的名词前一般不用介词。例如:
  • 1) What are you going to do tomorrow?
  • 2) We have had six lessons today.
  • 3) We had a good time the day before yesterday.
  • 2.由this, that ,these, those 等用于表示时间概念的名词前,前面往往不加介词。例如:
  • 1) That morning he got up very early.
  • 2) What are you busy with these days?
  • 3.由next, last, the next, the last 等用于表示时间概念的名词前时,前面不用介词修饰。例如:
  • 1) We planted many trees last spring.
  • 2) She said she would pay a trip to Suzhou the next month.
  • 3) The very next time I saw her, she was working in London.
  • 4.在each, any, every, some, all 等用于表示时间概念的名词前,一般不用介词来修饰。例如:
  • 1) The buses go every 10 minutes.
  • 2) Jack coughed all night.
  • 3) We have to get up very early every/each day.

文件目录

  • 01_prepositions_of_time.doc
  • 02_prepositions_of_time.doc
  • 03_prepositions_of_time.doc
  • 04_preposition-of-time-in-on-at.docx
  • 05_prepsitions_of_time.doc
  • 06_prepositions-of-time.doc
  • 07_prepositions-of-time.pdf
  • 08_prepositions-of-time-in-an-at.doc

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